vacuum equipment in oil refining workshop selection and development history:
The processes of oil dehydration, evaporation, drying, filtration, hydrogenation, desolvation, decolorization and deodorization in the process of oil industry processing need vacuum equipment. The deodorization oil production in China started in the mid-1960s, when people mainly consumed primary oil. Due to the low quality requirements for oil products, most of the vacuum equipment used were mechanical vacuum pump plus air condenser and self-made Water jet vacuum pump and water vapor series jet pump. In recent ten years, with the reform and opening up, People’s living standard is improving day by day. From primary oil and secondary oil to high-grade cooking oil and salad oil, the quality requirements for oil products are constantly improving. Deodorization has become an indispensable and important process in the oil refining process. Among all the factors affecting deodorization effect, vacuum is one of the most important factors, and many oil refining units introduced from abroad have been used Stage steam jet vacuum pump. The working medium of the steam jet pump is the saturated steam or superheated steam from the boiler. The steam pressure must meet the requirements and be stable.
Since a large amount of water vapor is extracted from the deodorizer and the working steam of the steam jet pump needs a large amount of cooling water for cooling, it is necessary to establish a cooling water cycle system with cooling water from the air tower. The steam and energy consumption of the multistage steam jet pump accounts for more than 80% of the refining workshop, and the domestic steam jet pump has a high energy consumption. In recent years, the foreign multistage steam jet pump has been introduced into the large-scale and well funded oil plants.
Although the energy consumption of multistage steam jet vacuum pump in foreign countries is lower than that in domestic countries, the working conditions are demanding, the working steam pressure must be greater than 1.0MPa, the cooling water temperature requirements are very low, and the price is expensive. With the industrialization and large-scale development of oil industry, the selection of medium and small oil plants for transformation and expansion is beyond our expectation. In view of the high energy consumption of the steam jet pump, which needs to consume a large amount of working steam and cooling water, a set of cooling water system is configured, and it needs to be installed on a platform with a height of more than 11 meters, which increases the capital construction investment and installation cost, which is time-consuming, laborious and expensive. The research on the vacuum pump which can meet the technological requirements of the oil industry and has low energy consumption has been our research topic.
Research and development of a new type of steam jet vacuum pump with high efficiency and energy saving:
The application of steam jet vacuum pump in various industries in our country has a history of more than 50 years, because of its unique advantages: in particular, it can pump some high temperature steam containing dust and a large amount of water vapor, which is irreplaceable for other vacuum pumps. Steam jet vacuum pump is used in metallurgy, freeze-drying, thermal power, petroleum, chemical industry, light industry, textile, pharmaceutical, sugar, salt, paper, food, grease and other industries and fields due to its stable and reliable operation, no running parts, small amount of maintenance, long service life and fast pumping speed. But the steam jet vacuum pump must have a lot of working steam as power. Steam jet vacuum pump manufacturers must have steam boilers or purchase steam, build new plants or old plants to transform, must increase the tonnage of the boiler. Steam jet vacuum pump is called “steam tiger”. Because a large number of working steam and extracted water steam need a large number of cooling water to condense, in order to save water consumption, it is necessary to build a cooling water circulation system cooled by cooling tower. Energy consumption and investment need to be increased.
In addition, the multi-stage steam jet vacuum pump must be installed at a height of more than 11 meters, and it is necessary to build a high-level platform or housing construction higher than 11 meters, which also needs to increase capital investment. In view of the three elements of the steam jet vacuum pump (large steam consumption, large amount of cooling water consumption and high-level installation), for more than ten years, we have been researching and developing a multi-stage steam jet vacuum pump with low energy consumption (small steam consumption), small amount of cooling water consumption, which can be installed on the ground or at any height or position.
The steam jet vacuum pump relies on saturated steam or superheated steam with a certain pressure as the working medium to generate negative pressure (vacuum) through Laval nozzle and Venturi tube. According to the vacuum degree required by the user, the number of combined steam ejectors and the number of condensers are equipped. Generally, the vacuum degree of deodorization of high-grade oil is between 200Pa and 600Pa. Traditional steam jet vacuum pump needs Four levels to achieve this vacuum. The second stage steam ejector is connected in series in front of the first condenser. After the first condenser, two stage steam ejector and one (or two) condenser are needed to discharge the atmosphere. It is composed of four stage steam ejector and two (or three) condensers. The vacuum degree of decolorization, drying of high-grade oil and evaporation and concentration of phospholipid is 2.6kpa-4kpa, and three-stage steam jet vacuum pump is also used.
For more than ten years, we have developed, improved, innovated and developed a new type of high efficiency and energy-saving multistage steam jet vacuum pump. This innovation can make the steam jet vacuum pump installed on the ground or at any height. No other water pump or ejector is needed, and the condensate can be directly discharged into the pool. A water jet pump (or a steam water series jet true air pump) can be connected in series behind the condenser according to the specific situation. The performance parameters of the four-stage steam jet vacuum pump can be achieved by connecting the first stage steam ejector in series in front of the high-efficiency condenser, and the vacuum degree of the two-stage steam ejector in series in front of the high-efficiency condenser can reach 30pa-200pa (can replace the four-stage or five stage steam jet vacuum pump), and the three-stage steam ejector can be added in front of the condenser, and the vacuum degree can reach 1pa-10pa. (the new high efficiency three-stage steam jet vacuum pump developed by us in the vacuum magnesium smelting industry replaces the five-stage steam jet pump, and the working pressure can reach 1pA ~ 10Pa, which has been well applied). Compared with the traditional multi-stage steam jet vacuum pump, the newly created high-efficiency and energy-saving new-type steam jet vacuum pump saves more than 60% of working steam and 30% of cooling water, realizes pure low-level installation, saves capital construction investment and installation cost, and saves time! Labor saving! Save gas! Save money! It greatly reduces the operating cost and brings great economic benefits to the users, thus improving the comprehensive efficiency of the jet vacuum pump
Application of high efficiency and energy saving new type steam jet vacuum pump in oil industry instead of multistage steam jet vacuum pump:
Application of advanced salad oil deodorization process:
Under the premise of ensuring the output required by the original production process and improving the product quality, grain, oil and food company further achieves the purpose of energy saving and consumption reduction by adopting our company’s new efficient and energy-saving steam jet vacuum pump and combined jet pump instead of the original four-stage steam jet vacuum pump and three-stage steam jet vacuum pump. The deodorization vacuum degree can reach about 100Pa, and the decolorization vacuum degree can reach more than – 0.096mpa (gauge pressure), which can save more than 10000 tons of steam consumption in one year. The operation cost is saved by 450000 yuan / year. In the newly built 1200t / D refining workshop, the combined water jet vacuum pump of our company is used for decolorization and drying of high-grade salad oil.
The birth and development of a new type of efficient and energy-saving steam jet vacuum pump has added a new force to the vacuum equipment, which will bring great economic benefits to users. The injection technology and equipment are further advanced. It can not only reduce a large number of steam and cooling water consumption, but also save more than 60% of working steam, 30% of cooling water, reduce equipment operating costs, reduce enterprise costs, and improve the economic benefits of the enterprise. Moreover, it has many incomparable advantages: it can realize the form of low-level complete machine, and can also be installed in any height separately, reducing the capital construction investment and installation cost, saving time, labor and money; because of the small steam consumption, less cooling water consumption and low outlet temperature, it is advantageous to the configuration of cooling water circulation system; it can not be equipped with start-up pump and directly use water jet pump to empty the tower For small and medium-sized enterprises, the cooling tower is not needed; the maintenance cost is low, the service life is long, the performance is stable, the occupation area is small, the structure is compact, and the installation is simple. It can replace multistage steam jet vacuum pump, and also can open up some new application fields. It is a device characterized by jet pump, which is used for the combination of special purpose pumps with high vacuum and large air extraction, and improves the comprehensive efficiency of the whole device. Therefore, the application field and scope of jet pump are expanded!