vacuum pumps of latest market overview

1.Vacuum pump of overview

Vacuum pumps are the main category of vacuum obtaining equipment used to obtain, improve and/or maintain a vacuum environment. A vacuum pump can be defined as a device or device that uses mechanical, physical, and chemical methods to evacuate the pumped container to obtain a vacuum. According to different working principles, vacuum pumps are divided into two categories: gas transfer pumps and gas bonding or trapping pumps, of which the market size of gas transfer pumps accounts for about 65%.

2.Vacuum pump industry chain

From the perspective of the vacuum pump industry chain, the upstream is the key components, mainly including conduits, insulation covers and heaters; downstream vacuum pumps are widely used in pharmaceutical, chemical, food, electronics and other industries.

3.Vacuum pump industry of the status quo of analysis

1) Supply and demand

In terms of output, the output of vacuum pumps in my country has continued to decline in recent years. According to the data of China General Machinery Association, the output of vacuum pumps in my country in 2020 will be 5.2664 million units, a year-on-year decrease of 24.40%.

From the perspective of the global vacuum pump application field, the semiconductor field is the largest downstream market in 2019, accounting for 37%, with a scale of about 1.73 billion euros. Since 2020, the structural transformation trend of the vacuum pump industry has been obvious. The emergence of dry screw vacuum pumps has replaced most of the oil screw vacuum pumps, which are used in the pharmaceutical, medical equipment, and semiconductor industries.

2) Market segmentation

Vacuum pump is one of the key components of photovoltaic equipment. Photovoltaic cells are mainly divided into four major processes: silicon material process, silicon wafer process, cell process and module process. Vacuum pumps are mainly used in silicon wafer pulling, cell high square resistance diffusion (low pressure diffusion furnace), PVD, PECVD coating process, module lamination, etc. Vacuum stability in equipment is one of the key technologies for process stability. Taking cell coating as an example, the advantages of vacuum coating technology are: the thickness of the film can be controlled to prepare functional films with various functions; the environment is clean, The thin film is less susceptible to contamination, so a thin film with good density, high purity and uniform coating can be obtained.

From the perspective of the market demand of wafer vacuum pumps, the global wafer vacuum pump market will reach 1.33/1.42 billion yuan in 2022/2023, of which the newly installed market will be 1.05/1.04 billion yuan, and the maintenance market will be 2.8/380 million yuan. In terms of market demand, the vacuum pump market in the battery segment will reach 1.38/1.25 billion yuan in 2022/2023, of which the newly installed market will be 870/530 million yuan and the maintenance market will be 510/720 million yuan. Maintenance and replacement demand will contribute more to the market. Increment.

Dry vacuum pump is a necessary general-purpose equipment in various semiconductor processes. It is used in clean or harsh processes such as single crystal pulling, Load-Lock, etching, CVD, atomic layer deposition (ALD), packaging, and testing. From the perspective of market space, the global semiconductor dry vacuum pump market will reach 19.64 billion yuan in 2022, a year-on-year increase of 9.3%.

3) Status of import and export

“Vacuum pump” customs code “84141000”. From the perspective of import and export trade, in 2021, the number of vacuum pumps imported in my country will be 2.828 million units, and the import value will be 1.049 billion US dollars; the export volume will be 11.755 million units, and the export value will be 422 million US dollars.

From the regional distribution of import value, my country mainly imports high-precision vacuum pumps to Japan, Germany, and South Korea. The import value of the three regions accounted for 29.19%, 19.08%, and 18.34% respectively.

4. Cacuum pump market of competition pattern

1) Overall market

At present, the main vacuum pump market is dominated by European and Japanese companies, namely Edward (acquired by Atlas, UK), Ebara (Ebara, Japan), Pfeiffer Vacuum (Pfeiffer, Germany), Kashiyama (Kenshan Industry, Japan), domestic related fields Enterprises include Zhongke Instrument, Hanbell Precision Machinery, etc. In 2019, the three major companies in the global vacuum market accounted for 88% of the global market share, with a high degree of industry concentration.

2) Market segments

From the perspective of the competition pattern of the photovoltaic vacuum pump market, the domestic manufacturer Hanbell Precision Machinery occupies a large market share. According to statistics, in the competition in the global photovoltaic vacuum pump market in 2021, Hanbell Precision Machinery will account for 73.88% of the market.

From the perspective of the competition pattern of the semiconductor vacuum pump market, overseas manufacturers occupy 95% of the market share, mainly by Atlas (the revenue of semiconductor vacuum pumps will be about 10.5 billion yuan in 2021) and Pfeiffer (the revenue of semiconductor vacuum products will be about 2.5 billion yuan in 2021). The market share is less than 5%. At present, Hanbell Precision Machinery has made breakthroughs in UMC and NSMC, and there is a large space for domestic replacement in the future.

5.Vacuum pump of  future development trend

1) The continuous high growth of photovoltaic installed capacity drives the market demand for photovoltaic vacuum pumps. According to CPIA data, in 2021, the global photovoltaic installed capacity will increase by 170GW, a record high. Among them, my country’s newly installed photovoltaic capacity is 54.88GW, a year-on-year increase of 13.9%; the EU’s newly installed capacity is 25.9GW, a year-on-year increase of nearly 34%; the United States is expected to add nearly 26.8GW, an expected year-on-year increase of about 39.6%; India’s newly installed capacity is 11.89GW , an increase of about 218% year-on-year. In 2022, driven by the continuous decline in the cost of photovoltaic power generation, the new installed capacity of photovoltaics in the world will continue to grow rapidly. Conservatively, it is estimated that the newly installed capacity in the world/my country will be 270/90GW in 2025.

2) With the steady growth of the global semiconductor market, the application market space of dry vacuum pumps in the semiconductor field continues to grow. Dry vacuum pump is a necessary general-purpose equipment in various semiconductor processes. It is used in clean or harsh processes such as single crystal pulling, Load-Lock, etching, CVD, atomic layer deposition (ALD), packaging, and testing. According to statistics, the global wafer production capacity in 2021 is 243 million pieces (converted to 8 inches), an increase of 8.5%, and it is expected to increase by 8.7% to 264 million pieces in 2022. maintained at a high level of 93%.

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